When most people obtain a private pilot’s license they usually react with the same type joy and enthusiasm that they did when they first received their driver’s license. Getting the opportunity to legally fly is a rewarding experience but before a person can grab a hold of their pilot’s certificate they first must complete the Federal Aviation Administration licensing requirements. Here is a summary of those requirements.
Private Pilot License Requirements
· A person must be at least 17 years old in order to begin training for a private pilot license. A 16 year old teenager can take a training course, but they won’t be able to legally fly until they turn 17 and they might be required to complete the training once again when they are of the legal age.
· A person must be able to obtain a 3rd class FAA medical exam or certificate.
· Any person who decides to obtain a private pilot license must also know how to read and write English. All training instruction and examinations will be given in English, and people who want to obtain an FAA private license in the U.S. must know this language.
· All individuals who are interested in learning how to fly aircraft must complete a total 40 hours of flying time. Ten of the required 40 hours must be used to perform a solo flight. Five of the required 10 hours must be used to make a flight from one airport to another.
· All students will be required to pass a written exam
· All students will be required to pass an oral exam
· All students will then be required to pass a practical exam
The first thing that a person must do in order to obtain a private pilot license is to find a good school that will give them good training according to FAA regulations. Though it is a requirement for private pilot training schools to be sanctioned by the FAA there might be some places and individuals that will teach a person how to fly who do not operate according to FAA regulations. Schools such as these should be avoided. A private pilot ground school should also be located in an area that is close to a student’s home.
The FAA medical certificate and student pilot license can be obtained at the same time since some applications come with both forms. The student pilot license is needed during training so that an individual is able to fly a plane with an instructor. FAA approved doctors will sign off on the form as long as a person is healthy enough to man an aircraft. If a student is not able to obtain their private pilot license from an FAA doctor they will have to obtain it from their instructor.
Students who go through a training program will learn about aircraft and the basic functions that are needed to fly a plane. They will also learn about aeronautics and aeronautical procedures. Once training is complete and a pilot believes that a student is capable of flying a plane they will then be eligible to take the mandatory FAA exams.
The written exam will test a student’s basic knowledge about subjects pertaining to FAA regulations, airspace and cross country planning. The oral exam requires an examiner to evaluate a student’s ability to plan a flight. The practical exam requires the student to take a flight with the examiner and if they are able to pass all of the requirements they will then be approved for a license.
Private Pilot License Cost
The FAA requires 40 hours of instruction but most students typically require at least 60. Students will be required to pay instructors at least $25 an hour for instruction and $75 for aircraft rental. This rate will vary by training school.
Sport Pilot Licenses
Sport pilots licenses are issued to people who desire to fly light sport aircraft such as gliders, balloons, gliders and small helicopters. Before a student can begin taking their solo flight they first must obtain a student sport pilot license from the FAA. The requirements for sport pilot licenses vary from private pilot licenses and they include:
· Students must be at least 17 years old or at least 16 for the purpose of flying glider or balloon.
· Students must understand English.
· 20 hours of flight instruction is required. At least 15 of the 20 hours must be used for dual training with an instructor. At least 2 hours must be for cross country dual instruction and 5 hours must be made for a cross country flight.
· They too must pass a series of tests.
· They should also have a valid driver’s license or a current 3rd class or higher Airman Medical Certificate.
These are the basic FAA requirements for private and sport pilots.